Germany’s reputation as a musical nation is still based on names like Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Handel and Richard Strauss. Students from around the world flock to its music academies, music lovers attend world-class festivals like the Wagner Festival in Bayreuth and the Donaueschingen Festival of Contemporary Music.
But other names also define Germany's musical legacy in the 20th and 21st centuries. Karlheinz Stockhausen pioneered in the field of electronic music. Kraftwerk's robotic rhythms transformed pop music and provided some of the building blocks for hip-hop. And newer German artists continue to captivate young audiences around the world with
their Teutonic takes on modern rock and unique visual flair. With some 180 public and 190 private theaters, Germany is also known for having some of the most experimental theatrical and dance productions worldwide. Even small towns boast opera houses, ballet troupes and theaters, all of which contribute to the well-established network of state, municipal, traveling and private theaters.